Basic facts

01.03.2010

  • Radio

    1921, autumn - first public demonstration of a radio set
    1923, November - the Estonian word for Broadcasting was invented: ringhääling (ring - circle; hääl - voice)
    1924, 11 May - the first test broadcasting from Haapsalu (Western Estonia)
    1926, 18 December - the beginning of regular broadcasting in Estonia. The first broadcaster was a private company (OÜ Raadio-Ringhääling)
    1927, January - the broadcasting fee was launched
    1934, 1 July - broadcasting was nationalized. A state company became a broadcaster
    1938 - the first transmission of stereophonic signal
    1941-1944 - in Tallinn the Nazi occupation force launched Landessender Reval, a propaganda station; while the Soviet regime also broadcasted in Estonian from different cities of Russia.
    1956 - radio started to broadcast also on FM (70 MHz) band
    1971 - beginning of regular stereophonic broadcasting
    1977 - first quadrophonic test broadcasting
    1991, 21. August - Coup d'état in Moscow. Eesti Raadio was the only radio station in the USSR that remained working uncontrolled by the putschists.
    1991, September - first full-programmed local radio started: Radio Tartu
    1992, April - first commercial radio: KUKU in Tallinn
    1997, May-June - first radio programmes on Internet (RealAudio): Raadio 2, KUKU.
    1998, July - National Public Radio shuts up MW transmission. 
    1999, Summer - first radio programming via satellite (technical channel for KUKU).

  • Television

    1930s - First TV sets (Nipkow disc) built by amateurs, which were used for receiving TV signal from Berlin, London and Moscow. By 1937 the number of handmade TV-sets amounted to 50 in Estonia (pop. 1 mln).
    1940, 20 January - TV-set tax launched for owners (5 Kr. annually) 
    1953 - Decision by the USSR government to found television in Estonia (ESSR). 
    1955, 19 July - first official test program of ETV. Duration 2 h 35 min. The same year regular programming started. Initially, programs were broadcasted on weekends, later also on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
    1961 - As of 1 January, programs were broadcasted 7 days a week.
    1964 - ETV started to operate in its own premises (so far - under the shelter of radio).
    1972, 30 December - First locally produced coloured program on air.
    1981, July - Programme became fully coloured.
    1991, 21 August - Soviet troops seized Tallinn TV tower. Although the transmitters were switched off, the force was disabled to enter the control room. Coup d'état in Moscow. Estonia gains its independence afterwards.
    1993, late summer, autumn - private TVs pop up: RTV, EVTV, Kanal 2.
    1994-1996 - Tipp TV 
    1996, 5 March - RTV and EVTV join into TV 3.
    1997, 1 February - TV 1
    1999 - all TV transmitters switched to PAL standard (so far - SECAM).
    2010, Jul1st - TV analog signal switch-off